The Airavatesvara Temple

The Airavatesvara Temple

Airavatesvara Temple

 

The Airavatesvara Temple is situated in Darasuram,  around 4 kilometers (2.5 mi) southwest of Kumbakonam, 310 kilometers (190 mi) southwest of Chennai and 90 kilometers (56 mi) from Chidambaram.

It is around 40 kilometers (25 mi) toward the upper east to the Brihadeeswarar Temple in Thanjavur, also, around 30 kilometers (19 mi) toward the southwest of Gangaikonda Cholapuram Temple.

Each of the three are a piece of the UNESCO world legacy site.

The closest air terminal with ordinary administrations is Tiruchirappalli International Airport (IATA: TRZ), around 90 kilometers (56 mi) away. The sanctuary is on parkway 22 associating Tiruchirappalli, and roadway 36 interfacing it to Thanjavur. The adjacent urban communities of Tiruchirapalli and Chidambaram are associated every day to other real urban areas by the system of Indian Railways and Tamil Nadu transport administrations.

The sanctuary however inland, is close to the Kollidam River, inside the Cauveri River delta with access to the Bay of Bengal and through it to the Indian Ocean.

Darasuram or Dharasuram is a panchayat town found 3 kilometers from Kumbakonam in Thanjavur District, Tamil Nadu, India. As per the 2001 evaluation, the town had a populace of 13,027. The town is known for the Airavateswara sanctuary developed by the Rajaraja Chola II in the twelfth century AD. The sanctuary is a perceived UNESCO World Heritage landmark.

Socioeconomics

Starting at 2001 India enumeration, Darasuram had a populace of 13,027. Guys establish half of the populace and females half. Dharasuram has a normal education rate of 70%, higher than the national normal of 59.5%: male proficiency is 77% and, female education is 63%. In Dharasuram, 11% of the populace is under six years old.

Darasuram Sanctuary

This sanctuary is a storage facility of workmanship and design. The vimana is 85 feet high. The front mandapam itself is as an immense chariot drawn by steeds. The sanctuary has some stunning stone carvings.

The primary god's associate Periya Nayaki Amman sanctuary is arranged neighboring Airavateshwarar sanctuary.

Periya Nayaki Amman sanctuary

Airavateshwarar sanctuary gopuram

The Great Living Chola Temples. (an UNESCO World Heritage Site) at Thanjavur, Gangaikonda Cholapuram and Darasuram were worked by the Cholas between the tenth and twelfth hundreds of years CE and have a ton of likenesses.

Legend

The legend is that Airavata, the trinket of Indran (Mallas) presently pallar, adored Lord Siva in this sanctuary; so did likewise the King of Death, Yama. Convention has it that the directing divinity Airavateswarar relieved Yama himself (the God of Death) who was experiencing under a Rishi's revile a consuming sensation everywhere throughout the body. Yama scrubbed down in the hallowed tank and was freed of the consuming sensation. From that point forward the tank is known as Yamateertham. It gets its supply of new water from the waterway Kaveri and is 228 feet in width. Travelers make a point to bathe in the tank. In the ongoing past Raja Chola revered the Siva Lingam in this sanctuary. Volume II of the South Indian Temple Inscriptions manages various enrichments of the Pandya Kings likewise (see pages 556 to 562). On the sanctuary dividers these engravings are given, from which it is seen that the sanctuary was referred to in those days as Raja Rajeswararen and Raja Rajapuram. Two such engravings are duplicated here.

Airavateshwarar Sanctuary

Engraving No. 563 at page 557. No. 23 of 1908 on the inward Gopura of the sanctuary, right of passageway. Record dated in the tenth Year, Tai 11, of the rule of the Pandya King Maravarman assumed name T ribhuvana Chakravartin Srivallabhadeva enrolling the arrangement made for fixes and for commending celebrations in the sanctuary of XXXI Ra (ja) ra (ja) isuram Udaiyanayanar, by the inhabitants of Uttattur-nadu, a sub-division of Kulottunga-valanadu.

Engraving No. 564 at page 558. Record dated in the 31st Year, Makara, Ba. Dvitiya, Uttarashada (presumably a misstep for Uttaraphalguna) of the rule of the Chola ruler Tribhuvana Ghakravartin Sri RAJARAJADEVA enlisting the allow of land (Irandu Ma mukkani araikkani) 23/160 of a veli to meet the costs of love, contributions, and so on., to the God by a local of Peruchchalipuram, a town in Kilar-kurram, a sub-division of Pandyakulapati-valanadu.

As initially Airavata revered the Lingam, the Lingam is named after him as Airavateswara. The Goddess in this sanctuary is known as Deva Nayaki. The straggling leftovers of the sculptural piece of the sanctuary is within mass of the external prakaram(outer patio), about a foot from floor level. 'The carvings contain diverse stances of gymnastic accomplishments found in the cutting edge bazaar, appeared by females keeping their head at the middle and legs entwined in such a dexterous path as to shape the perimeter of a circle. It might be a delineation of the present-day wanderer clan engaging villagers with gymnastic shows and moving postures. Such vagabonds are still to be seen visiting the inside towns of the nation. A lot of styles of physical accomplishments appeared the two people have been cut in the stone.

Design

With intensely ornamented columns exact in detail and luxuriously etched dividers, the Airavateswara sanctuary at Darasuram is an exemplary case of Chola workmanship and engineering

The primary mantapa is called Raja Gambira as the elephant draws the chariot. The wheels were returned by the ASI at a later date. The roof has an excellent cutting of Shiva and Parvathi inside an open lotus. All the moving postures of Bharatanatyam are cut in the stone. They are alluded to as the Sodasa Upasaras. There is a cutting demonstrating the town womenfolk helping in the conveyance of another female, who has both her hands on the shoulders of the two women, who are squeezing their hands and the stomach area of the woman to enable her to convey. 'These are exceptionally able and aesthetic works of great style. This may give a look into the social states of the past. The stone picture of Ravana conveying Kailas is a fine example of workmanship. One discovers figures of Buddha, Bhikshatana, Saraswathi without her Venna, and a model of Ardhanarishvara, Brahma and Surya.

It was amid this time Shaivism made an exceptionally radical stride and master Sarabheshwara would appear to have appeared. Numerous reasons have been refered to for this manifestation of Lord Shiva. Sarabha has the essence of a lion and the body of a winged animal and has put on his lap the powerful Lord Narasimha. A mantapa has been exceptionally worked for ruler Sarabha, and from there on has been introduced in sanctuaries.

The works of art on the dividers have been repainted amid the Nayak time frames.

At the plain access to the sanctuary two Dwarapalakas, Sankhanidhi and Padmanidhi, are forcing figures, giving clear anatomical articulations of the richness of youth. Before the sanctuary, there is a little mandapa, which can be come to by three stages as a step. The means are stones, which give distinctive melodic sounds when tapped. All the seven swaras can be had at various focuses. It is expected that if appropriate consideration isn't taken soon, town kids will harm the stones. Presently these stone advances have been totally secured with metal barbecues to spare them from decay. In the interim Archeology office has found a way to keep this landmark from open watchers and neighborhood villagers.

Airavatesvara Temple is a Hindu sanctuary of Tamil design situated in the town of Darasuram, close Kumbakonam in the South Indian province of Tamil Nadu. This sanctuary, worked by Rajaraja Chola II in the twelfth century CE is an UNESCO World Heritage Site, alongside the Brihadeeswara Temple at Thanjavur, the Gangaikondacholisvaram Temple at Gangaikonda Cholapuram that are alluded to as the Great Living Chola Temples.]

The Airavatesvarar sanctuary is one among a group of eighteen medieval period extensive Hindu sanctuaries in the Kumbakonam zone. The sanctuary is devoted to Shiva. It additionally respectfully shows Vaishnavism and Shaktism customs of Hinduism, alongside the legends related with Nayanars – the Bhakti development holy people of Shaivism.

The stone sanctuary fuses a chariot structure, and incorporates major Vedic and Puranic gods, for example, Indra, Agni, Varuna, Vayu, Brahma, Surya, Vishnu, Saptamtrikas, Durga, Saraswati, Sri devi (Lakshmi), Ganga, Yamuna, Subrahmanya, Ganesha, Kama, Rati and others. Shiva's associate has a devoted place of worship called the Periya Nayaki Amman sanctuary. This is a withdrawn sanctuary arranged toward the north of the Airavateshvarar sanctuary. This may have been a piece of the principle sanctuary when the external courts were finished. At present, parts of the sanctuary, for example, the gopuram is in vestiges, and the principle sanctuary and related places of worship remain solitary. The sanctuary keeps on drawing in substantial social occasions of Hindu pioneers each year amid Magha, while a portion of the pictures, for example, those of Durga and Shiva are a piece of exceptional pujas

Terminology

The Airavatesvara Shiva sanctuary has a water tank. This tank has an associated direct that acquires Cauveri River water where Hindus assemble every year to take a plunge. The nearby folklore describes how Airavata, or Indra's (malla) trinket was reestablished with spotless, white skin after he took a plunge in this tank. This legend is cut in stone in the inward place of worship, and this current Indra's elephant gives this sanctuary its name.

Portrayal

The Cholas constructed many Hindu sanctuaries over their domain. Of these four were tremendous buildings with all stone vimanas. The Airavatesvara sanctuary is one of these four. The other three are the sanctuaries found in Thanjavur worked by Rajaraja I, in Gangaikonda Cholapuram worked by Rajendra I, and in Tribuvanam by the later period Chola lord Kulottunga II.

The Airavatesvara sanctuary is another square arrangement structure finished in 1166 CE. The enduring internal patio is very nearly six stacked squares of 35 meters (115 ft) side, estimating an aggregate of around 107 meters (351 ft) by 70 meters (230 ft). The Nandi mandapa and the stambha are found outside of this principle sanctuary patio and they are lined up with the fundamental sanctuary's east-west pivot.

 

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