Nagarjunakonda (IAST: Nāgārjunikoṇḍa, which means Nagarjuna Hill) is a chronicled town, presently an island situated close Nagarjuna Sagar in Guntur locale of the Indian territory of Andhra Pradesh, close to the state fringe with Telangana. It is 160 km west of another significant memorable site Amaravati Stupa.
The remnants of a few Mahayana Buddhist and Hindu places of worship are situated at Nagarjunakonda. It is one of India's most extravagant Buddhist destinations, and now lies as a rule under the Nagarjunasagar Dam. It is named after Nagarjuna, a southern Indian ace of Mahayana Buddhism who lived in the second century, who is accepted to have been liable for the Buddhist action in the zone. The site was at one time the area of numerous Buddhist colleges and cloisters, pulling in understudies from to the extent China, Gandhara, Bengal and Sri Lanka.
In light of the development of the Nagarjuna Sagar Dam, the archeological relics at Nagarjunakonda were submerged, and must be unearthed and moved to higher arrive on the slope, which has become an island.
Archeological research on Nagarjunakonda
In 1926, a neighborhood teacher, Suraparaju Venkataramaih, saw an old column at the site, and announced his revelation to the Madras Presidency government. In this way, Shri Sarasvati, the Telugu language Assistant to the Archeological Superintendent for Epigraphy of Madras, visited the site, and it was perceived as a potential archeological site.
The primary revelations were made in 1926 by French paleontologist Gabriel Jouveau-Dubreuil (1885–1945).Systematic burrowing was sorted out by English archeologists under A. H. Longhurst during 1927–1931. The group unearthed the remnants of a few Buddhist stupas and chaityas, just as different landmarks and figures.
In 1938, T N Ramachandran drove another exhuming at the site, bringing about the disclosure of some more landmarks. In 1954, when the development of the proposed Nagarjuna Sagar Dam undermined the site with submergence, an enormous scale exhuming drove by R Subrahmanyam was begun to rescue the archeological material. The removal, led during 1954-1960, brought about the disclosure of various relics, dating from the Early Stone Age to the sixteenth century. Afterward, around 14 enormous imitations of the unearthed remnants and a gallery were set up on the Nagarjunakonda slope. A portion of the figures exhumed at Nagarjunakonda are presently at different historical centers in Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata, Paris and New York.
An archeological calamity struck in 1960, when a water system dam was built over the close by Krishna River, submerging the first site under the waters of a supply. Ahead of time of the flooding, a few landmarks were uncovered and moved to the highest point of Nagarjuna's Hill, where a historical center was worked in 1966 Other landmarks were migrated to the terrain, east of the overwhelmed region. Committed archeologists figured out how to recuperate practically the entirety of the relics.
What is there to see in Nagarjunakonda
Stone monument Age Burial Area second century
Situated in the Guntur region and near the outskirt with Telangana express, the Nagarjunakonda island isn't legitimately open on the State Highway.
The closest train station is at Macherla, 29 km away. The island is basically associated by a ship to the terrain. The territory is likewise known for all encompassing perspectives on the valley from a review zone close to the dam, and is additionally the site of the Ethipothala Falls, a characteristic cascade that falls down 22 m into a blue tidal pond that is likewise a rearing place for crocodiles.
The close by Srisailam untamed life asylum and the Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve are shelter for assorted reptiles, flying creatures and creatures. Srisailam, which sits on the shore of Krishna in the Nallamala Hills is a site of huge verifiable and strict importance, including a Shiva sanctuary that is one of the 12 sacrosanct Jyotirlingas.
How to each Nagarjunakonda?
There is a boat from Nagarjunasagar for Rs. 200/- per person starts at 9:0am, 11:30am & 1:30 pm
Best time to visit Nagarjunakonda?
June to arch is the best time to visit Nagarjunakonda.
Best travel plan for Nagarjunakonda?
Start from Hyderabad reach Nagarjunasagar spend night in Nagarjunasagar at Vijayvihar.
Next day proceed for Nagarjunakonda and reach Hyderabad.
How much time does it take to reach Nagarjunakonda?
It takes about 1hr.