Kathmandu (काठमाण्डु)  is the biggest city and capital of Nepal and the namesake of the Kathmandu Valley. When thought to be the famous and distant Shangri-La, Kathmandu is currently a center point for free explorers just as a developing get-away spot taking into account all spending limits. Because of extensive urban development in ongoing decades, it is currently part of one persistent urban region together with Patan toward the south.
As per a registration directed in 2011, Kathmandu city alone has 2.5 million occupants, and the agglomerate has a populace of in excess of 3 million occupants. The metropolitan city zone is 50.67 square kilometers (19.56 sq mi) and has a populace thickness of 3000per km² and 17000 for each km square in city.
The city remains at a rise of around 1,400 meters (4,600 ft) in the bowl-molded Kathmandu Valley of focal Nepal. It is encompassed by four noteworthy mountains: Shivapuri, Phulchoki, Nagarjun, and Chandragiri. Kathmandu Valley is a piece of three locale (Kathmandu, Lalitpur, and Bhaktapur), has the most astounding populace thickness in the nation, and is home to about a twelfth of Nepal's populace.
Verifiably, the Kathmandu Valley and bordering territories were known as Nepal Mandala. Until the fifteenth century, Bhaktapur was its capital when two different capitals, Kathmandu and Lalitpur, were built up. Amid the Rana and Shah periods, British students of history called the valley itself "Nepal Proper". Today, Kathmandu isn't just the capital of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, yet in addition the base camp of the Central Development Region of Nepal. The Central Region contains three zones: Bagmati, Narayani, and Janakpur. Kathmandu is situated in the Bagmati Zone.
Kathmandu is the door to the travel industry in Nepal. It is additionally the operational hub of the nation's economy. It has the most progressive framework of any urban region in Nepal, and its economy is centered around the travel industry, which represented 3.8% of Nepal's GDP in 1995– 96. The travel industry in Kathmandu declined from there on amid a time of political agitation, however from that point forward has improved. In 2013, Kathmandu was positioned third among the main 10 travel goals on the ascent on the planet by TripAdvisor,and positioned first in Asia.
The city has a rich history, spreading over about 2000 years, as gathered from engravings found in the valley. Religious and social celebrations structure a noteworthy piece of the lives of individuals dwelling in Kathmandu. A large portion of Kathmandu's kin pursue Hinduism and numerous others pursue Buddhism. There are individuals of different religious convictions also, giving Kathmandu a cosmopolitan culture. Nepali is the most regularly spoken language in the city. English is comprehended by Kathmandu's informed inhabitants.
Kathmandu's sister urban communities (Lalitpur Patan) and Bhaktapur are vital to Kathmandu's social legacy, the travel industry, and economy; subsequently UNESCO's World Heritage Site records each of the three urban communities' landmarks and attractions together under one heading, "Kathmandu Valley-UNESCO World Heritage Site".
Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Day by day highs (°C) 19 21 25 28 29 29 28 29 28 27 24 20
Daily lows (°C) 2 5 8 12 16 19 20 20 19 13 8 4
Precipitation (mm) 14 19 34 61 124 236 363 331 200 51 8 13
Kathmandu Valley is in the Warm Temperate Zone of Nepal (height going from 1,200– 2,300 meters (3,900– 7,500 ft)), where the atmosphere is genuinely mild, atypical for the locale. This zone is trailed by the Cool Temperate Zone with height fluctuating between 2,100– 3,300 meters (6,900– 10,800 ft). Bits of the city with lower heights have a damp subtropical atmosphere, while segments of the city with higher rises for the most part have a subtropical good country atmosphere. In the Kathmandu Valley the normal summer temperature changes from 28– 30 °C (82– 86 °F). The normal winter temperature is 10.1 °C (50.2 °F).
The city by and large has an atmosphere with warm days pursued by cool evenings and mornings. Eccentric climate is normal given temperatures can drop to 3 °C (37 °F) amid the winter. Amid a 2013 virus front, the winter temperatures of Kathmandu dropped to −4 °C (25 °F), and the coldest temperature was recorded in January 10, 2013 at −9.2 °C (15.4 °F). Precipitation is for the most part rainstorm based (about 65% of the all out concentrated amid the storm a long time of June to August), and diminishes considerably (100 to 200 cm (39 to 79 in)) from eastern Nepal to western Nepal. Precipitation has been recorded at around 1,400 millimeters (55.1 in) for the Kathmandu valley, and midpoints 1,407 millimeters (55.4 in) for the city of Kathmandu. By and large stickiness is 75%.
For data on visa necessities and migration method, see Nepal#Get_in
Kathmandu's Tribhuvan International Airport (IATA: KTM), is the biggest and just universal air terminal in Nepal, found 5.5km east of the well known vacationer neighborhood of Thamel.
Swayambhu (स्वयम्भू) otherwise known as Monkey Temple - A site on a slope sitting above the city with a substantial stupa and other Buddhist and Hindu iconography. A standout amongst the most holy Buddhist destinations in the nation. There are 350 stages to the top - the back course is less steep however the perspectives in transit up are not as pleasant. Beside the perspectives over the city and the antiquated carvings in each accessible space, it's packed with monkeys blending with the guests. The base of the slope is a 30 minute stroll from Thamel (ensure you have a guide as there are a few befuddling convergences en route), or take a taxi or rickshaw. Similarly as with the Boudha Stupa, are a lot of Buddhist and Tibetan-motivated knickknacks available to be purchased. There are additionally drinks available to be purchased at the top, and no less than one little eatery selling momos. For those that have their own vehicle or experience issues climbing stairs there is a parking area at the back passageway that essentially decreases the quantity of stairs that should be move to access the fundamental compound. This is one of seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the Kathmandu Valley. Outsiders: NPR750 for a numerous passage pass. NPR200 for single passage (Dec. 2014)
Boudha Stupa in Boudha (बौद्ध). A standout amongst the most consecrated locales for Tibetan Buddhism. This tremendous stupa is one of the biggest on the planet. It is situated toward the north-east of Dwarikas' Hotel and just toward the north of the airplane terminal territory. This is a different universe Heritage Site. There is a 'celebration' on each full moon night, a one of a kind encounter. NPR250NPR250 (in evening time ticket workplaces are regularly shut)
Narayanhiti Palace Museum - This is the previous royal residence which was transformed incompletely into a Museum and somewhat into the Foreign Ministry after the cancelation of the government in 2009. Presently you can visit the magnificent Halls of the fundamental structure of the royal residence. Monster natural product bats dangling from the tall trees and 20 foot-tall bamboo around the generally present day (and still all around verified) previous castle are a sight, particularly around dusk when the bats leave as once huge mob. Outsiders: NPR500
Thamel Chowk - a vacationer neighborhood with numerous cafés and shops.
Monstrosity Street - Historic road where western radicals looking for illumination would remain. Presently only a couple of cafés and lodgings.
Pashupatinath - A significant Hindu sanctuary to Shiva as Lord of Animals. See monkeys, incineration, sadhus and reflection caverns. Morning or dusk are extraordinary occasions to go. 1000 Rupess for outsiders, however you can sneak in through the recreation center at the North side of the sanctuary, the same number of local people do (be careful with police however, who endeavor to discover individuals doing precisely this). No section inside the fundamental sanctuary for outsiders, however you can look inside from the entryway. Additionally, there are stairs on the East side of the waterway prompting the Boudha Stupa (a short leave).
Greenhouse of Dreams/Kaiser Mahal  - Relax in this delightful and tranquil walled garden near Thamel and the previous Royal Palace. Wonderfully redesigned in organization with Austrian government. As of now has two structures delineating two of the six yearly seasons in the Hindu date-book. It has a few costly bistros and a bar. Pleasant toilets. NPR200.
Budda Neelkanth Temple (Narangdham), (6km from Main Bus Park, Kathmandu). An Idol of Bhagwan Vishnu in a resting position encompassed by water is a phenomenal cool and quiet understanding. alter
Durbar Square, Kathmandu
This antiquated square is packed with castles and sanctuaries, including the present manifestation of the Kasthamandap or "Wooden house" that gives the city its name. The square has been involved since the development of a castle around 1000AD. This site is the most well known UNESCO World Heritage Site in Nepal.
The Square is especially intriguing in the in all respects early morning as all the different vendors set up their products and when numerous fans make their contributions at the different holy places and sanctuaries. There will be various young fellows who will offer to be "guides." Be steadfast with saying "no" on the off chance that you are not intrigued. The extra charge for outsiders is NPR1000. In the event that you intend to be in the region for over one day, it merits being coordinated to the Site Office where you can trade your single-section ticket with a various passage pass enabling you to meander in and out as you wish. You will require your visa and one identification photograph. The entire procedure takes just a couple of minutes. Your entrance pass gives you access to every single open piece of Durbar Square just as the Hanuman Dhoka. On the off chance that you don't have a craving for hacking up the somewhat strong extra charge to enter a region of a city, it is exceptionally simple to sneak in Durbar square through little side back roads from the west side. In Nepali, Durbar signifies "royal residence" and this is the place the ruler was delegated and from where he dominated.
It is conceivable to climb the means of huge numbers of the sanctuaries for a superior look and to go along with others situated close to the top viewing the movement beneath.