Champaner-Pavagadh Archeological Park, an UNESCO World Heritage Site, is situated in Panchmahal locale in Gujarat, India. It is situated around the authentic city of Champaner, a city which was worked by Sultan Mahmud Begada of Gujarat. The legacy site is studded with strongholds with bastions beginning from the slopes of Pavagadh, and reaching out into the city of Champaner. The recreation center's scene incorporates archeological, notable and living social legacy landmarks, for example, chalcolithic destinations, a slope post of an early Hindu capital, and stays of the sixteenth century capital of the province of Gujarat. There are royal residences, entrance doors and curves, mosques, tombs and sanctuaries, private buildings, rural structures and water establishments, for example, stepwells and tanks, dating from the eighth to the fourteenth hundreds of years. The Kalika Mata Temple, situated over the 800 meters (2,600 ft) high Pavagadh Hill, is a significant Hindu holy place in the district, pulling in expansive quantities of pioneers consistently.
The progress among Hindu and Muslim culture and design in the late fifteenth to mid sixteenth century is reported in the recreation center, especially the early Islamic and pre-Mughal city that has stayed with no change.It was recorded by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 2004
Staying at the site are the Royal areas inside braced dividers, the passageway entryway or the city door, the mosque outside the strongholds, the regal walkway driving into the royal residence, and the second fenced in area comprising of unexplored Jahanpanah. The urban arranging of the city uncovers very much laid and cleared boulevards which lead to the downtown area. The local location comprises of places of both rich and poor; rich individuals' homes are worked with beautiful gardens and water channels. Open parks and structures encompass the lodging complex. Be that as it may, sanctuaries, mosques and tombs are generally gathered in the Pavagarh Hills. The stroll up the slope from the fields is known as the Patha (explorer's course); viewed as the "spirit of Champaner", it has a huge number of steps and is adorned with fancy and basic structures.
One of the imaginative highlights of the two memorable landmarks focuses was the advancement of techniques for reaping water, as tanks or lakes in the Pavagadh slopes (called the "slope of hundred pools") and countless wells in the city of Champaran, which was nicknamed "city of thousand wells". The Vishamitri River is the main stream that ascents from the Pavgadh slopes, and was tapped for sustaining wells in Champaner and tanks in Pavagadh. The tanks served the explorers and other utilitarian, recreational, otherworldly and stylish requirements. A portion of the tanks were worked by developing dikes and redirecting the put away water into stone reservoirs. A portion of the renowned water structures are: the Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswathi Kunds (in the Mauliya level); the Wada Talao, the biggest water tank bolstered by rivulets situated on the eastern piece of the city; the imaginative Gaben Shah tank; the perfectly ornamented helical stepwells, for example, in the open greenery enclosures and at the passageway to the city, and the Royal summer structures. The water direct in the place of a respectable, called the "Amir's Manzil," is refered to as an impression of the "eminent workmanship of water structures worked by those in charge of the palatine and religious design of Champaner."
- Fundamental article: Monuments of Champaner-Pavagadh Archeological Park
- Lili Gumbaz Masjid
- Kevada Masjid
- Sahar ki Masjid
- Eastern post entryway
There are eleven unique sorts of structures at Champaner-Pavagadh, including mosques, sanctuaries, storehouses, tombs, wells, dividers, and terraces.The landmarks are arranged at the foot of and around the Pavagadh slope. The Heritage Trust of Baroda records 114 landmarks in the region, of which just 39 landmarks are kept up by the Archeological Survey of India, because of restricted subsidizing. The Forest Department possesses 94% of the land here, while the sanctuary trusts and other partisan foundations give offices to boarding and cabin to the pioneers and vacationers. On the southern side close to the foot of the slope some feeble houses and the establishments of Jain sanctuaries can likewise be seen.
The landmarks include:
- Helical ventured well
- Sakar Khan's Dargah
- City Gate close Kasbin Talao
- Bastion dividers
- City dividers at south-east corner of the bastion going up the slope
- East and South Bhadra Gates
- Sahar ki Masjid (Bohrani)
- Three cells inside the bastion divider between Sahar ki Masjid the nearby reserve Dharmashala
- Mandvi or Custom House
- Jami Masjid
- Stepwell north of Jama Masjid
- Kevda Masjid and Cenotaph
- Tomb with a major vault in the middle and little corner arches on approach to Khajuri Masjid close Wada Talao
- Cenotaph of Kevda Masjid
- Nagina Masjid
- Cenotaph of Nagina Masjid
- Lila Gumbaz ki Masjid, Chapaner
- Kabutarkhana Pavilion on the north bank of Wada Talao close Khajuri Masjid
- Kamani Masjid
- Bawaman Mosque
- Pavagad slope
- Door No. 1 on Pavagarh slope (Atak Gate)
- Door No. 2 (with three portals, Budhiya entryway)
- Door No. 3 (Moti entryway, Sadanshah-Gate)
- Entryway No. 4 with enormous bastion with cells in the inside
- Sat Manzil between entryway Nos. 4 and 5 straight up to bastions on top
- Mint above Gate No4
- Door No. 5 close Machi (Gulan Bulan Gate)
- Door No. 6 (Buland Darwaza)
- Makai Kothar
- Royal residence of Patai Rawal with tanks
- Door No. 7 close iron scaffold (Makai Gate)
- Door No. 8 (Tarapore Gate)
- The post of Pavagad and demolished Hindu and Jain sanctuaries on the highest point of Pavagad slopes
- Navlakha Kothar
- Dividers of post on top
The soonest sanctuary on Pavagadh slope in the Mauliya level is dated to the 10th– eleventh century and is committed to Lakulish. Be that as it may, the sanctuary is in remains, with just the gudha mandapa (sanctum sanctorum) and Ardha mandapa part of the antarala now present. Lakulish, Dakshinmurthi, Brahma, Vishnu, Gajendramoksha, different types of Shiva, Indra, situated Ambika and Surasundaris are the pictures found in this sanctuary. The sanctuary was worked in the Hindu sanctuary engineering style of design with garbhagriha, mandapa and a passage yard. It had elaborate enrichments, generally comprising of stone carvings. While this most seasoned sanctuary is in a weather beaten condition and not being used, the various sanctuaries are utilized as spots of love. They have lavish adornments, generally stone carvings.
Jain sanctuary in Pavagadh
The sanctuaries of the Jain religion at Pavagadh are likewise imperative. They are of three distinct gatherings: The main comprises of the Bhavanaderi sanctuaries close Naqqarkhana entryway called the Navalakka sanctuaries, the second gathering is to pay tribute to the tirthankaras Suparshvanatha and Chandraprabha and the third gathering, arranged on the south east of Pavagarh Hill (Mataji's precipice), is close to the Pārśva sanctuary beside the Dudhia tank. These sanctuaries are derived to have been developed in the 14th– fifteenth hundreds of years based on "[their] expressive and engineering highlights". Extravagantly cut situated and standing pictures of the Jain pantheon are seen on the external dividers of the sanctuaries. The Garbabrihas are cherished with excellent stone pictures of tirthankaras in these sanctuaries. Every one of the sanctuaries have been redesigned after some time.
The most visited sanctuary on the slope is the Kalika Mata Temple. It has three pictures of goddesses: the focal picture is of Kalika Mata, flanked by Kali on the privilege and Bahuchara Mata on the left. The tower of this sanctuary conveys a hallowed place of Sadanandsha pir, a Muslim holy person held in extraordinary love in the area. It is the third of the significant Shakti Peethas of Gujarat and is known for tantric love. It is associated by a mono-link ropeway 740 meters (2,430 ft) long which can convey 1200 individuals for every hour and is expressed to be the nation's most elevated ropeway.On Chaitra ashtami, amid navratri (nine-day celebration), a reasonable is held at the Kalika Mata sanctuary which is gone to by a large number of enthusiasts. The vestiges of Patai Raval's castle can be seen while in transit to the sanctuary.
The custom house was most likely utilized as a watchman room. It is all around arranged in a square shape with five lines of curves and five equivalent colonnaded paths. From this area toward the east door, the perspective on present-day Champaner comprises of decrepit houses on a solitary road. Kabutarkhana Pavilion is arranged on the north bank of Bada Talao close Khajuri Masjid. Another structure with segments is likewise situated on the Pavagadh Hill, over the top of the Mahakali sanctuary