Bangalore (Kannada: ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು), also known as Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. It is India's third-largest city with an estimated population of 8,474,970 (2011).
In a recent survey, conducted by the global HR consultancy Mercer, Bangalore was voted the most liveable city in India, beating Mumbai, Chennai, New Delhi and Kolkata..In terms of cleanliness, Bangalore ranks 12th in India.
Once called the "Garden City of India" and the "Pensioner's Paradise", these epithets no longer apply to Bangalore, which is now a large, cosmopolitan city with diminishing green spaces and a large working population. Bangalore is the major center of India's IT industry, popularly known as the Silicon Valley of India.
Unlike other parts of India which are extremely hot in the summer months, Bangalore enjoys a relatively mild climate year round.
Summer - February to May (peak temperature is during April and May)
Monsoon - June to October (the heaviest rains are typically between June and August)
Winter - November to January (with December being the coldest month)
Summer temperatures can reach up to 36°C (97°F) and early morning temperatures in the winter hover around 12°C (54°F).
Bangalore also witnesses sudden changes in climate during a day. It could be warm and humid during the morning, it might rain in the afternoon and turn out to be windy and cold late in the evening. On the other hand, it could be hot and sultry for a few days in a week and there could be a sudden rain and dip in mercury for the next few days. While the weather and these changes, as such, is enjoyable, this also results in the spread of viral infections.
`KempeGowda International Airport (IATA: BLR), (ICAO: VOBL) is located in Devanahalli, 40 km (25 mi) from the central business district of Bangalore (MG Road) and 30 km (19 mi) from the Bangalore City Railway Station.
The new airport, open since May 2008, is among India's busiest and most modern. The airport is host to 10 domestic airlines and 21 international airlines connecting the city to about 50 destinations across India and the rest of the world. The airport serves as a focus city for IndiGo , SpiceJet and GoAir
Vidhana Soudha - The legislative House of the State of Karnataka, this granite building was built by Sri K. Hanumanthaiya, Chief Minister of the then Mysore state 1951 to 1956. The then Prime Minister Sri Pandit Jawaharalal Nehru laid the foundation on 13 July 1951. It was built at an expenditure of Rs 18.4 million. Marvel of neo-Dravidian architecture and one of the most imposing building not only in Bangalore but in India. One of the interesting feature of this building in grand stairs in its front. The grand stairs has a flight of forty-five steps 62 m (204 ft) wide 21 m (70 ft) deep giving a direct access to the foyer of first floor leading to an Assembly Chamber. The architecture of the building is based on Dravidian style, comprising richly carved bases and capitals for pillars, deep friezes, kapotha cornices, chaithya arches, heavy pediments domical finials, etc; At the same time, the construction has been on modern designs, making use of the present-day materials like steel, reinforced cement concrete glass, plastic, etc.
Vikasa Soudha - Is it possible to gild a lily? Well you judge for yourself. This ultra modern construction, adjacent to majestic Vidhana Soudha built in the same classic style, is supposed to come fitted with the latest gizmos to help govern the state. It was inaugurated sometime in February 2005.
Seshadari Iyer Memorial is a distinctive building constructed of red sand stone in Cubbon Park. It houses a public library and the Bangalore High Court, while the grounds include a children's recreation area with a toy train, fairground and theater.
Bangalore Palace was constructed by the Maharajahs of Mysore. For many years the building was neglected as a tourist attraction but is now open to the public. After much renovation, it is a fine structure to visit, if overpriced. The fee is Rs 225/450 Indian/Foreigner and Rs 625 to take photos even of the exterior. This includes an excellent audio guide which describes most architecture and artifacts in detail, though no mention is made of the numerous nude paintings.
Tipu Sultan's Summer Palace, which dates from about 1790, is the summer retreat for Tipu sultan. The two story structure is made mostly out of wood with finely embellished balconies, pillars and arches. Timings: From 9:30 am to 5:30 pm, All days of the week. Tickets are Rs 25 for Indians and Rs 300 for foreigners (as of Jan 2019).
The Bull Temple, located in Basavanagudi, is a typical Dravidian style temple, and is famous for its mammoth bull statue that was carved from a single boulder. Legend has it that the temple was built to appease a marauding bull that stole local crops, and that the offering was effective with the bull subsequently leaving the area. Since then, local farmers have held an annual festival to express their gratitude.
The Maha Bodhi Society Temple, (see 'Learn' section) is a relatively new structure, with the main shrine built as a replica of the historic stupa at Bodh Gaya. The temple grounds are very peaceful, and visitors are welcome to stroll around. In addition, the temple houses an excellent library of books on Buddhism, many of which are in English.
ISKCON Hare Krishna Temple, Hare Krishna Hill, Chord Rd, ☎ +91 80 2347 1956, +90 80 2357 8346 (fax: +91 80 2357 8625), . 3:45AM-8PM. Temple built on a hillock in Rajajinagar atop scenic surroundings, is a perfect blend of modern technology and spiritual harmony. The huge cultural complex was built to promote vedic culture and spiritual learning, and abounds with shops selling devotional items and souvenirs. The annual Krishna and Balarama Rath Yatra is attended by thousands. edit
Maruthi Mandir, a Hanuman Temple is located just opposite - 5 min drive from ISKCON temple, in the gate of Mahalakshmi Layout. This is a rock hill with huge idols of Hanuman and Mahalakshmi temples. The annual festival of Hanumad Jayanthi during December is very attractive.
Gavi Gangadeshwara Cave Temple, located in Gavipuram, adjacent to Basavanagudi, was built by Kempe Gowda. This temple with four remarkable monolithic pillars is dedicated to Lord Shiva. The temple also has a rare idol of Agni god of fire. The annual festival is on Makara Sankranti and thousands of devotees flock to see the suns rays fall on the Shivlinga. The temple timings are: 7 AM-12:30 PM and 5 PM-8:30 PM.
VenkataramanaSwamy Temple is a fine example of Dravidian architecture. This ancient temple was built by Maharaja Chikka Devaraya Wodeyar and is situated next to the summer palace of Tipu Sultan.
Lord Shiva Temple behind Kemp Fort, Airport Road
Dodda Ganapathi - one of the oldest temples in Bengaluru, is situated adjacent to the Bull Temple.
Vasanthapura, in South Bangalore, is a small hillock with an ancient temple dedicated to Sri Vasantha Vallabharaya Swamy.
Shiva Temple (Shiv Mandir), Old Airport Road. This temple has a massive monolith of Lord Shiva, located in the middle of an artificial pool. There is a cave-like walk through behind the statue. It is extremely crowded on the festival of Maha Shivaratri. One can't see or feel any kind of Bhakti in this temple, because at each move inside the temple there will be a person located for collection of money which creates such a disturbance for the concentration on Bhakti. On each step the devotees will be concentrating on the money boxes (Hundi in Kannada)/people standing to ask money as offerings. After coming out, one feels as if one has come out of a commercial Shiva temple. So sad to say this. Entrance - Rs.150, camera fee Rs.25, slipper stand fee - Rs.5. edit
Banaswadi Hanuman Temple, constructed in the Dravidian style, attracts a large number of devotees especially on week-ends. It has smaller temples dedicated to Lord Rama, Shiva and Ganapathi within the walled compound.
Babusapalya Dodda Ganesha Temple, located on the outer ring road at Babusapalya, Kalyan Nagar(near by Banaswadi) has a Beautiful 60 feet tall Ganesha statue. The temple is dedicated mainly to Lord Ganesha, though it also includes temples of Lord Shiva, Annapoorneshwari and Subramanya Swamy.The annual celebrations during Ganesha chaturthi attracts large crowds to the temple.
Ragi Gudda is a famous Hanuman temple abode in the Jayanagar 9th block, South of Bangalore. The temple is situated on a mammoth rocky hill, and has very attractive chain of temples like Spathika Shiva, Ganesha and scenery within the premises. This is a very crowd attracting place during the period of Hanumad Jayanthi in December. You get mahaprasadam meals on Saturday between 12 noon to 1 pm.
Sri Raja Rajeshwari Temple located in RajaRajeshwari Nagar, just before Kengeri on Mysore Road is a famous temple dedicated to Godess Parvathi (RajaRajeshwari). It was built by a reknowned spiritual guru, Sri Sri Sri Tiruchi Mahaswaigal. Built in the ancient style with stones, the temple is very spacious. One can feel the peace and satisfaction when visited. Week ends are very crowded.
DakshinaMukhy Nandeeshwara Temple, located in the heart of Bangalore is very ancient temple. This is on Sampige Road in the Malleshwaram area. The speciality of the temple is that, the natural (mineral) water flows from the mouth of Nandi (naturally) which is above a ShivaLingam, and pours all over the year as Abhishekam by nature itself. This water, after Abhishekam is taken by devotees as medicinal water, believed to cure many diseases. People from all over the world take this water in small containers with a lot of trust and devotion.
Mukti Naga temple in Bangalore is world's largest monolithic statue of Lord Naaga, about 16 feet tall and 36 tons of weight. The Mukti Naga temple which is run by Shri Subrahmanya Seva Trust, is situated in a serene ambience of Ramohalli, a village on the outskirts of Bangalore city.
Meenakshi Sundaram Temple, Bannerghatta Road, (after Indian Institute of Management), South of Bangalore. Beautiful, spacious temple devoted to Sri Meenakshi Amma. Built in ancient style with stone structures, this place is very cool and mind refreshing place to see. You will feel that you are in a temple at Tamilnadu, when in this temple.
Timings: Monday thruough Saturday: 6:30AM to 12:30PM & 4:00PM to 8:30PM Friday: 6:30AM to 1:00PM & 4:00PM to 8:30PM Sunday: 6:30AM to 1:00PM & 3:00PM to 8:30PM
Sri Ramakrishna Ashram, There are many Ramakrishna Ashrams in Bangalore, but the special and central one is in Gandhi Bazaar - the place of temples in Bangalore. This mutt contains a vast meditating hall, a beautiful park, a vedic school and many more facilities. Sri Sharada Devi had meditated on a location in the park in this boundary. This location is preserved as a monument. A stone on which Swami Vivekananda had sat when he visited Bangalore is also kept as a monument. This is a calm and peaceful place for the people who enjoy the meditation.
Holy Trinity Church, located at Trinity circle at the east end of the MG Rd, is a major landmark in Bangalore. It was built in 1851, for the British Regiment stationed in Bangalore. Built in the English Renaissance style, the church can accommodate 700 people and is regarded as the largest "military" church in southern India. It has a congregation of over 450 families.
St. Mary's Basilica, St. Mary's Basilica is a basilica located in the Archdiocese of Bangalore in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is the oldest church in Bangalore and is the only church in the state that has been elevated to the status of a minor basilica. It is famous for the festivities held during the St. Mary's Feast in the month of September each year, an event that attracts a number of devotees from in and around Bangalore.The basilica has been built in Gothic-style with arches, ornamental motifs and stained glass windows.Multiple columns and tall spires of the basilica can be seen from quite a distance. The stained glass windows were removed during World War II and were subsequently restored in 1947.
Shelter House Church, Bannerghatta Road, Arekere. The service is conducted in English and starts from 9:30 AM in the morning.
St. Francis Xavier's Cathedral, St. Francis Xavier's Cathedral is located in the Archdiocese of Bangalore in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is the head church in Archdiocese Bangalore. It is the most decorated church in the city and boasts of very historic artifact. It also is the biggest of churches in the city. It is located in the central part and in the heart of city (Promenade road, near Coles park) It also has a huge premises within which there are 3 schools inside it, St. Anthony's boys school, St. Aloysius boys school and St. Rock's girls school. The whole locality is surrounded by a more schools like St. Francis Xavier's girls school, St. German's boys school, Goodwil girls school, Nehru school, RTC school.
Infant Jesus Shrine, The Infant Jesus shrine is located in Viveknagar, Bangalore. It is now known as a place of pilgrimage. Thousand of devotees from all faiths throng the shrine on Thursday. The podium is raised above road level with steps and ramp on either side. The interior of the church is so designed that wherever people are seated they will feel that the altar is facing them. The main mural which is 6x9 meters replicates the nativity scene in the nativity church of Jerusalem.
October to February: The winter a very long time in Bangalore are the best time to visit the city.
March to May: While winters are finished, the temperature is as yet wonderful. ...
June to September: Monsoons start before the finish of May and accompany mellow to overwhelming precipitation.